Cayenne pepper (a denomination that was given to honor the city of the same name that belongs to the French Guiana), it is also known simply as cayenne, red pepper, chilly, or aji powder. It is the result of fine grinding of the fruits from the Capsicum annuum species (with some other species apart from the Capsicum genus), once they have been subjected to an intense drying process that removes all the humidity.
A peculiarity that is common to all ajis (“aji” is a term that comes from the Quechua language, and it means “spicy”) is that they all have an intensely spicy flavor, like it happens with the Piper nigrum seeds, which is the scientific name for black pepper. So, we are talking about two plants that belong to different genera which, to put it simply, means that there is no relation between red pepper or cayenne with black pepper.
- 1. Historical roots of red pepper
- 2. Features of the plant
- 3. Cultivation techniques
- 4. What is cayenne or red pepper for? Its role in nutrition
- 5. Its multiple and valuable therapeutic remedies and properties
- 6. Side effects and contraindications of Cayenne
- 7. Coffee and red pepper: friends or foes?
- 8. A good remedy for weight excess: cayenne pepper and lemon
- 9. How to take it. Cayenne supplements
- 10. Interesting combinations with Cayenne
- 11. Related Entries:
Historical roots of red pepper
To find the origins of cayenne pepper, we have to go back in time several millennia in order to find its ancestors in the tropical regions of the American continent. More specifically, the countries that should be regarded as the cradle where this plant grew are Panama and Mexico, from where its farming started to spread to the rest of Central America, the Caribbean Islands, and some of the more northern areas of South America.
If we go back to the Modern Age, Christopher Colombus was the one responsible for the introduction of this spice in Europe. Its reception was a success in the old continent thanks to its properties and benefits for health, which was quickly adapted to the condiment of stews by the population among other spices. And the truth is that its consumption supplanted that of black pepper which was one of the most excessive spices at that time due to the customs that had to be paid for the importation of these goods, whose production was absolutely circumscribed to the Asian continent.
But why are these peppers called “cayenne”? Obviously, it is not correlated to its true origin, which is far away from Oceania. The explanation, according to the legend, is that Christopher Colombus mixed up what the Aztecs knew as chilly with peppers, which was one of the spices that was mostly sought after in Spain. This spice was imported from the French Guiana, but the Genoese did not notice that chilly is actually spicy, and he mistakenly named it cayenne pepper.
Throughout the 16th century, Portuguese colonizers introduced this food to the India and to the whole African continent.
Nowadays, its main producers are still the ones that we mentioned at the beginning as the cradle of this spice, Panama and Mexico, but only after China, that maintains the first position in the ranking with the astonishing number of 300.000 tons of dry peppers per year. The main consumers of this spice within international exchanges are the United States, Germany, France, Thailand, Indonesia, and India.
Red peppers play a very special role in the culinary practices from the last three countries.
Features of the plant
Capsicum annuum (which is the scientific name for red pepper) is a perennial plant that is classified as a bush. This pepper belongs to the Solanaceae family, to which also belong conventional plants like potatoes, tomatoes, or tobacco. It can grow around 1 meter of height (around 90cm). You can easily distinguish its egg-shaped and smooth leaves and its white flowers, that sometimes form groups of a few flowers, even though they tend to be isolated.
Its fruit is the chilly or aji, a berry that is empty on the inside (which is typical of peppers). It is yellow at the beginning, and as it matures, it acquires a vibrant red tone that becomes maroon or mate red once it is dry. Its maturation takes a long time that lasts from July to November. Cayenne peppers are fully developed after two months and a half or three months after the germination.
In order to properly develop, this plant needs a rather warm climate and a soil that is porous enough so that its drainage is fluid. Its cultivation begins at the end winter in the southern areas of Europe, where the climate allows the cultivation of this species, so that the flowering begins at the beginning of spring, when there will be enough hours of light and higher temperatures that meet the requirements of this plant.
In a pot
This species can grow on a pot which needs to have several holes for a proper drainage; you have to put a dish with not much depth under the pot so that the substrate absorbs the water.
The seeds must be planted in a special package for its cultivation before the temperature has reached the 23-24 degrees centigrade.
In order to prepare the seeds for this process, they should have been soaking in a glass of water the night before.
These packages must be filled until there is only one centimeter and a half left of the top, deposit 3 or 4 seeds per cell covered with a centimeter of soil for pots (an excellent combination would be marl, moss, turf, and sand in equal parts).
Once the soil is wet, the next step would be to protect each package with a sheet of transparent plastic, so that it can wait for the germination in a moderately sunny place, like a window that is oriented to the sun in the afternoon.
Regarding the cares that this plant needs at this time, there are two that stand out above the rest:
- You mainly need to make sure that the earth preserves a constant humidity level during the following weeks (not more than five or six) .
- Once the germination begins, it is necessary to spend a few weeks cutting the weakest plantlings when the first sprouts appear, leaving only one of them when they start to form some groups. In this way, each clear plantling will have enough strength to be planted when the low temperatures are finally gone.
In a garden
If you want to cultivate these plants in a garden, you need to have a portion of soil that receives at least eight hours of light daily. Outdoors cultivation demands compost and some type of acidifying compound, like aluminum sulfate, since it requires a somewhat low pH.
The technique to plant the plantlings from the packages consists on doing some holes, leaving one meter between each one (or maybe even a little more). They have to be wide and deep so that they adapt to the growth of the roots, which have a tendency to extend more than deepen vertically on the soil.
The root ball must be put in the hole and it must be completely covered in soil. You should water them if you touch the 2.5cm of the surface of the ground and they are dry. It could be useful to put a mulch around the little plants with a double purpose: to prevent weeds from growing and to preserve the humidity of the substrate.
You should not expose the plants to the open air until the temperature is at least of 16 degrees.
When you notice that the fruit is properly ripe, you should cut the stems of the pepper until you have a length between 7.5 and 15 centimeters before harvesting them.
The drying of cayenne
This is an extremely important period within the process of the elaboration of red pepper. Not in vain, if after the planting and development of the plant, we do not respect the cautionary measures that are related to the environmental conditions of the post-harvest, the production could completely go to waste.
But we will deepen into the mechanisms that must operate in this delicate process.
First of all, the most appropriate place to carry out this process is a food dehydrator or a conventional oven with a temperature between 49 and 60ºC.
Normally, the peppers tend to be a little bit contaminated with dust from the area of cultivation, which is why they need to be previously washed to eliminate it and, therefore, protect its properties.
Once they are clean, you should perform a little cut in each one of them and then put them in a single layer on the dehydrator. The way to achieve an even drying is to turn them with a spatula every hour, which means that they will reach its lowest humidity point in less than 20 hours.
Some people carry out the drying in rooms away from the sun, fresh, and well-aired, which is also a perfectly valid procedure. As long as the temperature exceeds the 30ºC and there is an air current, the onset of fungi is quite unlikely to happen.
Undoubtedly, the factor that must be absolutely controlled is relative humidity. It influence in the process lies on the fact that if it increases its percentage, we are feeding the possibility of producing fungi in the product. This is the reason why it is always advised to carry out this process in the summer, when there are less chances for this to happen.
In order to dry the peppers outdoors with temperatures that surpass 30ºC, the tiniest ones should be cut in slices and the biggest ones should be cut in a half lengthwise. Once they are deposited on a grid, they must be covered with an anti-mosquitoes fabric or something similar in order to prevent any type of plague.
The natural drying time, which means that is not forced in an oven or similar, tends to take several days, depending on the humidity, temperature, and size of the pieces. It should not be concluded until they are completely wrinkled and their color has turned into a mate red.
Then, once they are dry, we have to make a powder with them, either by shredding or grinding them. The resulting product is stored inside a closed recipient, preferably one with an hermetic seal that must be placed in a dry, ventilated, and dark place. This last requirement is due to the fact that the sunlight would slowly and gradually erase the red color.
Using gloves is an essential cautionary measure that must be adopted when we manipulate cayenne peppers due to their corrosive power on the skin. And, of course, do not rub your hands on your eyes, wash them with hot water and soap when the task is finished first.
What is cayenne or red pepper for? Its role in nutrition
This food is characterized by its ambivalence, since it is used both as seasoning among other spices and as one of the most popular natural and therapeutic remedies, which has been sought after because of its culinary aptitudes and for its healing properties that help to treat several diseases and which have been exploited since ancient times.
If we talk about its nutritional aspect, it is characterized by a flavor that we could describe as exotic, robust, hot, and spicy, from which we can conclude that it is a food that must be used moderately. In Western and Mediterranean cuisine, cayenne pepper fits perfectly as a seasoning for meat, sauces, soups, salads, etc.
Its richness in vitamins (specially A, E, and C), apart from its high content in iron, is one of the aspects that make it a beneficial food for health.
It is a food that is consumed by more than a half of the world’s population, which would be around four thousand millions consumers, and which is the cause of an intense international commerce.
It is advisable to store it in a cool and dry place, in crystal recipients that are hermetically closed. But apart from its commercialization as a processed seasoning, it is quite frequent to find chilly peppers that are being sold half dried so that they can continue with their drying process in our homes until they can be ground and turned into powder.
Within its multiple gastronomic uses, cayenne pepper specially matches with foods like seafood, fumés, and fish stews. But they are also used with blunt dishes like meat stews, hunt dishes, etc. If we take a look at Latino-American cuisine, it is almost an irreplaceable ingredient in emblematic recipes like mole, the sauce of Mexican tacos, or enchiladas, among others.
But its features related to cooking should not be restricted to its role as a seasoning. A study in the University of Pardue (Indiana, United States) proved its aptitude to help to control the appetite and its potential to encourage energy-burning. From these two properties we can draw a clear use for the consumption of cayenne: fight against obesity and overweight. According to the information from said study, it seems to be that when it enters the organism, it increases the temperature of the body, which is the factor that triggers an effective combustion of calories. However, its author points to an interesting nuisance: the consumption of cayenne must be as a spice added to the foods, because if it is consumed as a nutritional supplement, the capsules lose the thermal increase that is produced when the cayenne enters in contact with the oral mucosa.
We will finish this review of the uses of red pepper for nutrition by highlighting its alkalizing effect on the organism, which is produced because it is an ingredient that is found at the top of the pH table of foods. This is why it is occasionally used as a component of alkaline formulas in order to help to combat situations of metabolic acidosis. Apart from this function, we can also remark its stimulation of the production of saliva, which at the same time has an alkalizing or buffer effect that contributes to improved digestions.
Its multiple and valuable therapeutic remedies and properties
The Capsicum annuum fruit contains an oleoresin with analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties for health (among others, as we will see now) whose main active principle is called capsaicin (from the chemical name 8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide), which is a colorless and hydrophobic substance. It has been traditionally applied in topical plasters, which produce a hot and intense itching which is precisely where its vast therapeutic power lies.
If we had to make a list with all those processes that have been treated with the healing properties of cayenne since ancient times, the list would be almost endless, which is why we will only mention a few: fever, gastric reflux, nausea, dyspepsia (or bad digestions), flatulence, hemorrhoids, tremors, gout, paralysis, menorrhagia, throat infection, nasal congestion, scarlet fever, or diphtheria. It is also known for having revitalizing properties that increase the energy of the organism overall.
In order to deepen into this topic, we will describe the different tasks that cayenne can perform in the organism.
It helps with the irritation of the mucosas
When the internal walls and the conducts of the intestines are irritated, we tend to feel constant pain and acute attacks. Well, cayenne has a strong calming power in the stomach and larynx, which can help in the case of ulcers, gastric spams, and irritating coughing. At the same time, it can remove the mucus that is formed during the flu, which contributes to cleaning the respiratory system.
Anti-fungal and anti-bacterial agent for the body
Cayenne has substances that inhibit the development of some types of pathogen fungi, like Phomopsis and Colletotrichum.
On the other hand, it is an excellent preservative for those foods that tend to be contaminated throughout their useful lifespan by different bacteria. And at the same time, its presence in creams and soaps entails a control action of the bacterial population that helps to keep the skin healthy, for example, in the case of acne.
Against migraines and joint and muscle pain
This property is very well-known by specialists in naturopathy. Its active principle, capsaicin, produces a hot sensation that is similar to what you feel when you burn yourself, by transmitting the heat through the muscles and joints, which acts as an analgesic in this anatomical regions. The average duration of a treatment with capsaicin is between 6 to 8 weeks in the case of rheumatism or arthritis.
Its action can be related to the stimulus of a response to pain that involves, metaphorically speaking, a distraction for the attention of the brain that focuses the pain somewhere else. After the initial reaction, the nerves release the so-called P substance, an specific compound that is segregated by the nerve cells, which achieves an effective decrease of the perception of pain. It can help with rheumatic disorders, because its external action mechanism in ointments or packs, because it increases the superficial blood flow to improve the amount of blood in the area.
A research group from the University of Buffalo (New York) backs up the use of cayenne as a palliative resource against the pain in cancer, post-surgery, neuropathies, and sometimes diabetes in terminal stages. This research is currently open and finding information about the effects of cayenne on chronic headaches.
Actually, if you want to relieve the pain from a migraine, a very successful way consists on drinking a glass of water with between one and three teaspoons of cayenne pepper.
It favors digestions
Capsicin is considered a sialogogue which is in charge of stimulating the salivary glands, and which also produces different digestive ferments, which improve the functionality of the digestive tube overall. This is the reason why it is regarded as an enhancer of the metabolization of foods, as well as of the elimination of waste substances. By accelerating the peristalsis, it stops the production of intestinal gases.
Thanks to some of its components, like cinnamic acid and magnesium, it avoids constipation and flatulence.
It has the ability to destroy the Helicobacter pylori, a common invader of the medium digestive system and whose uncontrolled development can result in peptic ulcers.
Natural anti-inflammatory element
The anti-inflammatory properties of red pepper are an excellent remedy against arthritis, diabetes, psoriasis, and neurological damage associated to the infection by the Herpes virus. A curious piece of information is that popular Chinese medicine used chicken soup with cayenne in order to reduce the inflammation of the prostate and to improve the expulsion of urine in the case of prostatitis.
Anti-coagulant and regulator of blood pressure
This substance has an important role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases due to several reasons:
- The first is because it blocks the progress of arteriosclerosis, which avoids the deposition of atheroma plaques in the arterial walls.
- At the same time, it stimulates the fibrinolytic action, which means that it undoes clots by dissolving the fibrine that makes up these elements, which guarantees the prevention of thromboembolism and the consequent heart attacks.
- The active capsicin of the circulatory system helps the veins and arteries to preserve their elasticity, which means that it regulates blood pressure.
- To finish off, it is an effective support to achieve a balance between bad and good cholesterol (LDL and HDL respectively).
Apart from this, cayenne is capable of buffering a heart attack in a extremely short period of time (half a minute more or less), as well as stopping bleeding in the cardio-lung system by producing a reduction of the blood pressure (which minimizes the risk of bleeding) and then, it promotes an extremely fast coagulation in the are of the hemorrhage.
Moreover, it is renowned for acting on the varicose veins, which apparently respond to the reduction of bad cholesterol and the balance of blood pressure that we mentioned previously, and which has been backed up by documented clinical cases.
Helps to detoxify the body
One of the most outstanding properties of cayenne is its ability to increase the organic temperature and to send stimulus to the sweat glands, which results in the regularization of the natural cycle of the detoxification of the organism.
We advise to consume a mix of cayenne tea, lemon juice, and honey early in the morning in order to reset this cycle.
It can be added to salads, soups, and infusions, along with a few drops of lemon juice which extraordinarily enhances the detoxifying effect which has extraordinary benefits for health.
Possible anti-cancer agent
There are several research lines in the University of Loma Linda in California where it has been revealed how cayenne pepper acts as an obstacle in the onset of lung cancer in smokers, apparently due to its high concentration of capsaicin. This effect could also affect the liver as well.
Also for oral health
Cayenne has proven to be an useful natural remedy to combat diseases of the teeth and gums. Pre-colombian civilizations already used it to treat infections in the mouth, and the Aztecs used it specifically to help to relieve tooth pain.
People mistakenly believe that this food must be rejected because it only worsens hemorrhoids. In fact, in the middle of the 19th century, the French medical academy officially advised the use of this condiment against this pathology. The truth is that the varicose inflammation as well as the pain can be treated by consuming this red pepper that is rich in vitamin K2.
It combats depression and anxiety
It performs a role inside the health of the central nervous system that consists on encouraging the release of endorphins, called the hormone of happiness. This is something that is crystal clear for these two countries with ancient medical traditions, China and India. In fact, the dragon country uses it commonly to cure depression. Indian ayuverdic medicine, with six thousand years of experience states that it is a spice that stimulates the spirit and the blood.
A study published last decade by a South-Korean University predicted, even though there is still research to be made, that the consumption of cayenne powder could have a buffering effect on diabetes.
Its active ingredient, capsicin that has been thoroughly purified to enhance its benefits, is added to the formula of creams, ointments, and lotions to relieve backache and all kinds of muscle pain. After its topical application in the affected area, the organism releases specific substances that mitigate that local feeling of pain.
It can also be used as a poultice in order to combat the symptoms of viper bites.
It has a peculiar property for health which consists on maintaining the most distal parts of the body warm and irrigated, which allows the blood to reach the fingers of both the hands and feet which so often tend to receive less blood flow, specially under low temperatures.
A cayenne pepper ointment, that can be prepared by a pharmaceutic under medical prescription, can have a lot of benefits for the treatment of rheumatism and backache. It can also be used in patches or oil lotions with the same purposes.
The use of a cream or ointment that has been prepared with capsicin can be a good remedy against the symptoms of psoriasis. For this, you can prepare a homemade paste with cayenne pepper and water and apply it to those areas that are affected. It is advisable to use it on a little area of the skin in order to progressively apply it as we see the results.
Cayenne and beauty
Ancient traditions and current scientific research converge to recognize the importance of cayenne for beauty treatments apart from its benefits for health. It is used for products that are meant to provide benefits like vitality and vigor to the hair, or others that are used to combat cellulite or orange skin, apart from its benefits to lose weight.
In fact, the University of Laval in Quebec reached a hopeful conclusion for those people who need or wish to lose weight: having red pepper for breakfast reduces the appetite and accelerates the metabolism, which are both ideal circumstances to increase fat burning.
Those specialists on the treatment of hair advised using a cayenne pepper mask in order to strengthen and invigorate the hair follicles and because it produces a stimulus of the local blood flow at the level of the scalp.
A group of scientists from the Center of Nutrition and Gastrointestinal Diseases of the Australian University of Adelaida, brought to light a study about its effects on obesity in 2015. Australian researchers studied how capsicin activates specific receptors of satiety that are found in the stomach. This phenomenon could be described in the following way: when the stomach is being filled, it dilates, and it sends nervous signals to the brain about the need to stop eating. Said receptors, which are called TRPV1, are responsible for the genesis of these signals, and they are the ones affected by the active ingredient of cayenne . If said receptors are covered by a layer of fat, the sensation of satiety is delayed, but if we consume substances that activate them, like capsicin, the exact opposite will happen. This is why it is advised to consume red pepper regularly in case of obesity.
Side effects and contraindications of Cayenne
This raw material has to be carefully manipulated. In fact, its compounds can burn the skin, specially in those people who have a sensitive phototype. When it is ingested, a little amount is enough to experience its effectiveness, since it is a powerful stimulant whose excess could produce convulsions in the stomach.
Consequently, in spite of its multiple benefits for health, which have been previously mentioned, we also need to mention some warnings that its use entails.
A counterpart of one of its most reputed benefits, which is the prevention of the formation of blood clots, those who have undergone surgery should avoid its use and consumption due to the inherent risk of suffering hemorrhages. Something similar happens when we are under treatment with acetylsalicylic acid, coumadin, or warfarin, which is why we should not use cayenne in this case either.
It could produce allergic reactions in those who are hypersensitive to avocado, banana, chestnut, kiwi, and latex.
Exceeding a certain amount of capsaicin could cause renal or hepatic damage. This is why red pepper and capsicin supplements are forbidden to those who suffer an insufficiency in the functioning of these two organs. Consuming exorbitant amounts can cause gastroenteritis.
Those who suffer from gastric acidity, gastrointestinal ulcers, or hemorrhoids should not abuse from the consumption of this product. However, this does not mean that cayenne should be discarded in these cases, since therapeutic doses can acquire a remarkable utility in the treatment of some of these disorders, specially in the case of hemorrhoids.
Now, let’s talk about one of the possible side effects on the health of the digestive system: the acid reflux. This disorder happens when the stomach acid ascends vertically, going through the esophagus, which produces a lot of discomfort that is characterized by the burning and irritation of the throat and chest. This is the reason why cayenne should be avoided by those who chronically suffer from the gastroesophageal reflux disease. Capsicin irritates the mucosa from the stomach, which becomes the trigger of the symptoms of this reflux.
There are a few medicines that are normally prescribed in order to control the reflux that are incompatible with the consumption of red pepper, which basically are cimeditine, famoditine, esomeprazole, omeprazole.
If we take into account physiological situations, health, and age, we need to clarify that lactating women should not consume cayenne nor cayenne supplements, since capsicin will be deposited in the milk, which means that it will be directly consumed by the baby. It should also be avoided by children under the age of 2. In principle, we should thoroughly consider the consumption of cayenne pepper during pregnancy. There is no evidence that it alters the congenital development, but it is necessary to take precautions and let your obstetrician know that you plan to use this substance as supplementation.
Coffee and red pepper: friends or foes?
There is a lot of controversy about the combination of coffee and cayenne pepper, or between caffeine and capsicin. On the one hand, this combination has renowned effects on health for the circulatory apparatus, but it can also be harmful for said system as well. More specifically, while caffeine is a vasoconstrictor, which means that it narrows the blood vessels, cayenne is a vasodilator, which means that it widens them. At first sight, the conclusion would be that the effects of both substances would be neutralized. However, there is still need of even more clinical studies to deepen into the dynamics of the combination of coffee and cayenne for our health.
Effects of this combination on pain
According to the University of Washington, consuming coffee and cayenne at the same time seems to be a good idea if we are trying to mask a mild or moderate pain without having to use medicines.
A good remedy for weight excess: cayenne pepper and lemon
Cayenne pepper stimulates fat-burning and increases the energy metabolism thanks to capsaicin (this has been proven by a study of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition); these action mechanism has a positive synergy with lemon, which is why it is interesting to consume this combination regularly in order to control obesity or to simply lose weight. This is achieved by putting a teaspoon of cayenne in a cup with boiling water. You should let it set for fifteen minutes, and then add the juice of half a lemon, mix well until the blend has a homogeneous texture. It would be ideal to drink this once a day as long as it is necessary (at least one month).
How to take it. Cayenne supplements
You can find red pepper as a fresh or boiled fruit, powder, and capsules which have their emblematic and concentrated active ingredient, capsicin.
In order to obtain the benefits for health that have been described, a good way to begin is to get used to preparing your dishes with a little cayenne, either chopped or in powder. There is not an exact dose that guarantees its satiating effect, each person should adjust it according to their needs or how it better works for them.
Something that should be taken into account is to find reliable information from diverse medical data bases, like drugs.com which is a website that states that there is no officially recommended dose due to the lack of clinical research.
In order to increase the chances of obtaining all the benefits and properties of cayenne that we expect, you need to go to the so called the Scoville scale, which is a way to measure the caloric level of the raw material in heat units (HU).
According to the document “The healing power of cayenne: compete manual of Cayenne resources”, cayenne pepper moves between 30 000 and 50 000 Scoville units, even though there are cases that surpass 100 000. If you want to use cayenne tinctures, which is known to be ideal to optimize the beneficial therapeutic effects of capsicin, you need to guarantee that it reaches at least 20 000 units, that represents the lowest threshold. Reliable producers of cayenne tinctures advise between 5 and 30 drops administered 3 times a day.
But you should keep in mind that the tincture may increase the absorption of certain medicines, specifically ACE inhibitors (an acronym for “angiotensin-converting enzyme”), which are used for the treatment of hypertension and cardiac and renal chronic insufficiency, and the anti-acids, which enhances their action to the point that it can be dangerous.
When it comes to capsicin supplements, which are usually sold in capsules, they usually fit in treatments against pain, to improve the blood flow, and to treat different disorders related to the digestive health.
It is quite often to find remarkable differences in the formulation of these supplements, specifically in the concentration of the active ingredients depending on the fact that if they are products that are sold online or in physical stores. They are normally sold in capsules with capsicin concentrations that go from the 5000 HU (Scoville heat units) to those that exceed 100 000 heat units.
For example, it is advised to begin with 40 000 heat units during lunch as a remedy for constipation, beware that it produces a sensation that it is quite similar to stomach acidity. If it is taken in order to improve the digestion, the experts of the University of Maryland Medical Center advised to establish a dose between 30 and 120mg from one to three servings daily.
Interesting combinations with Cayenne
- Garcinia cambogia accelerates the burning of fat, it effectively reduces the appetite and the LDL or bad cholesterol levels, which means that it will have a successful synergy with capsicin.
- Green tea also behaves as a vigorous stimulant of the metabolism and as an antioxidant element, which are two features that match with capsicin.
- Guarana is used for its thermogenic and antioxidant effects, which is why its combination with capsicin can contribute to losing weight and to optimizing the physical state of the person as much as possible.
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