What is Strength?
The Strength is regarded as the basic pillar for any physical capacity.
Starting with routines that are designed to improve this quality should be a “must” for all those who want to improve their performance.
Differences between Hypertrophy and Strength Training
- The main key is planning a diet, making the necessary changes to keep a muscled body with a low percentage of fat. To put it briefly: you should increase the protein intake, reduce the carbs and maintain the fats (depending on the phase you are at, either bulking, cutting or maintenance)
- Cell adaptation
- Mainly glycolytic training. Glycogen is used as the main source of energy
- Medium-high rep ranges, from 8 to 12 in general. They should be around 70-85% of the RM
- Analytic exercises. Higher use of machines
- The main key is periodization in order to progress
- Neuronal adaptation
- More demanding workouts that access the phosphocreatine substrate
- Low rep range, lower or equal to 5. It should be around 90-100% of the RM
- Basic exercises, adding accessories to complement the workout. Using bars and planes mainly
Terms used in Strength TrainingThis is a list of terms or expressions that are used in routines focused on strength. You may already know some of them…
RM or Repetition Maximum
It is the highest weight that we can lift.It is the maximum strength pattern established per exercise that “measures” how strong we are in said movement.
Thanks to this information we will be able to design the training program
Variables in Strength Training
- Intensity. Unlike what we may think, especially regarding the “hiit” nomenclature, when we talk about intensity in a strength context we are referring to the weight that is used. That is, it is the percentage regarding our 1RM. We could be talking about lifting a weight that is a 90% of our RM.
- Repetitions. Number of times that we repeat the movement or the pattern that involves a muscle group. It is usually between 1 and 5…
- Sets. Group of repetitions. 5 sets with 5 reps…
- Volume. Duration of the workout session.
- Frequency. It is the number of times that we repeat a type of exercise or session. If you do squats 5 times a week, you will say “5-frequency squats”. Usually, experienced users tend to follow higher frequencies.
- Density. It would be the relation between what the effort lasts and the recovery, either within a set, or between sets, mesocycles… these ones at a higher scale
PeriodizationIt is the planning that has to be done before starting the season or the period of time that we are planning to train. Either if we are looking for a goal in a competition or simply because we want to improve our marks and progress.
DischargeIt is a planned period when we reduce the intensity of the training, so that our body can take a break as well.
How can you measure your Strength?You can use a workout session in order to measure this ability through the RM Test.
Now, it is time to decide if you are willing to improve your strength and use all these concepts to start your strength training!