Collagen is the most abundant protein in the human body but, did you know that there are different types of collagen? That is right! And that is not all, because each one of them supports a different part of the body. Collagen, which is mainly present in the skin and bodies, has many benefit for our health and beauty! We tell you everything you need to know.
Types of Collagen: their functions, features and properties
Types of Collagen
Type I. The most abundant is the one that makes up the skin, bones, tendons, cornea, and intervertebral discs. It provides a remarkable flexibility and resistance and it can also stretch.
Type II. It is present in cartilages and certain embryos. Above all, its main function is to provide resistance to those tissue while it pressures intermittently. It is used for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and beauty treatments in order to get rid of wrinkles and cellulite.
Type III. It attaches to the organs and provides support. This one is present in muscle tissues, in the walls of the veins and intestines, the skin and even certain body glands.
Type IV. It is present in the eye lens or crystalline lens, in the blood vessels and the blood vessels of the kidneys. Therefore, they filter different substances depending on where they are.
Type V. It makes up part of the placental and interstitial tissue and provides elasticity to the organs, which is why it is present in the whole body. Moreover, it regulates the development of collagen fiber.
Type VI. It is present in the same tissues as the previous type and binds to those places that need its assistance. Above all, it will help each tissue to perform its function properly.
Type VII. This one separates the different components of the organism and works as a resistant and elastic basal lamina.
Type VIII. It settles inside the cells that are in charge of coating the blood vessels and capillaries.
Type IX. It binds to cartilages and joints in order to provide resistance and pressure.
Type X. It is only available in two types of cartilage: mineralized and hypertrophic cartilage.
There are eleven more types
These 10 types of collagen that we have mentioned are the most important ones, but we also want to highlight:
- XI: for the cartilage
- XII: for the tendons and ligaments
- XIII: to provide resistance to the cell membranes
- XIV: present in the bone marrow and placenta
- XV: makes up part of the embryos in order to strengthen them
The other 6 types are available in many organs together with other types of collagen.
The health problems and diseases associated with each type of collagen are due to many factors, such as genetics or a nutrient deficiency. In the end, these factors trigger alterations in the formation of the different collagen structures (types).
Some of the most common diseases caused by a collagen deficiency, either due to genetics or bad habits, are:
- Osteogenesis imperfecta (mutation of type I collagen)
- Chondrodysplasia (mutation of type II collagen)
- Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (mutation of up to 10 types of collagen, although the worst case is that of type III)
- Alport syndrome (mutation of type IV collagen)
- Osteoporosis (without genetic conditions and related to aging, it reduces the regeneration of type I)
- Knobloch syndrome (mutation of type XVIII collagen)
The best Types of Collagen for the Face
Without any doubt, collagen supplements have become extremely popular in the last few years due to their many properties for the body.
The Collagen by HSN is the best when it comes to repairing the effects of aging. In fact, it provides firmness to the skin by working on the deep dermis and reactivates the collagen production. Moreover, it has an instant lifting effect that rejuvenates the skin in a completely natural way.
There is a wide range of collagen products in HSN and you will be able to choose the one that best suits your diet in the most natural way. The next point of this article includes good suggestions to help you choose.
Natural Sources of Collagen
But, what are the natural sources of collagen? The first thing you need to know is that protein is only available in foods that come from the animal kingdom. Thus, the main sources of this product are:
Marine collagen comes from fish and it is one of the sources with the highest bioavailability (nutrient efficacy). In fact, marine collagen has two times more bioavailability than bovine and pork collagen.
A tip: if you are going to purchase marine collagen, you should look for ingredients that improve the absorption and enhance its effects. For example, some of them are hyaluronic acid and vitamin C.
This type of collagen comes from cows and it is known as bovine or cow collagen. To put it simply, it is a natural protein that is present in the cartilage, skin, bones and muscle tissue. Above all, it provides type I and III collagen, together, they make up more than a 90% of the collagen of the human body.
Bovine collagen is used to treat a series of health problems by:
- Treating arthritis
- Improving the digestive system
- Protecting the skin
- Supporting the muscle recovery
- Improving the night rest
The most common form of this source of collagen is Type II Undenatured Collagen.
The egg shell and yolk are other sources of type I collagen that coexist with types III, IV and X. This sources also provides other important substances such as glucosamine sulfate, chondroitin sulfate and hyaluronic acid. Moreover, it also provides some amino acids that are involved in the growth of tissues or wound healing.
To finish off, we want to mention a delicious product that is closely connected to collagen. It is a great source of this substance, we are talking about: gelatin.
You may not know but gelatin is nothing else than cooked collagen. Do you think of a more appetizing way of taking amino acids and other nutrients that are usually available in the skin or tendons of animals?
After reading all this information about collagen, we can only ask… What are you waiting for? Get your Collagen Supplement now!
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