HSN Guide: Sportspeople at the Gym. Part 2

HSN Guide: Sportspeople at the Gym. Part 2

Welcome to the second article in our series on how sportspeople can use the gym as a tool for improving their performance. In the first article, we discussed why a hypertrophy routine wasn’t the best option for sportspeople and how their performance could be negatively impacted by some common practices.

Today, we’re going deeper into the subject. We now know what we shouldn’t be doing, so we’re going to look at what we can in fact do to help us significantly improve as sportspeople.

Gym Performance and Sports Performance

If we think about it logically, an athlete could spend 6 months in the gym building strength and return to their sports field with a beastly physique. Nevertheless, the reality is much different.

Sports performance is marked by a number of factors that we can organise into 3 principal areas: skill, mentality and physical capacity.

Skill

Skills are very directly related to your sport, and there’s an innate dimension to them too. The term encompasses all the sporting movements made in your discipline and that should be trained outside of the weights room. A header in football, a tennis player’s backhand, a 3-pointer in basketball and a runner’s starting technique are all examples of skills.

Sport performance

As part of sporting performance, skills are a quality with room for improvement, where sports practice and specific training can make the difference. As a personal trainer, I’m going to focus on the two other areas, because that’s where we can develop as athletes through load work.

Mentality

Mentality, in terms of sports performance, refers to an athletes capacity to show aggressiveness, concentration, response speed and decision making under pressure. Some sports are more demanding of certain qualities over others, but all can be enhanced through strength work.

Mentality

Physical Capacity

And lastly we’ll look at athletic capacity. Here, there’s no argument, if an athlete’s stronger, faster and more agile, then we have have a better sportsperson, but where does weight training fit into the equation?

Load training

Load training uses external forces to compromise and test your posture and movement, which are the two basic elements from which you can produce speed, acceleration, jumping and impact. If you strengthen this chain, you’ll be able to unlock your full sporting potential, which is why athletes can benefit from weight training.

In summary, and ordering this first step:

A sportsperson needs load work to improve their posture and movement against external forces, however, they can’t forget that sports performance is also marked by mentality and skill. Specific training and strength work can be combined through the season.

Keys for Designing a Performance Routine

Now we’ve got all the context we need, let’s get to it:

What is the basis of our routine? 

Multijoint and Full Body Exercises

Our routine should work from a base of multijoint exercises, which are ideal for safely increasing loads and thus building our strength over time. We shouldn’t divide the body into different muscle groups, as it’s better instead to divide it into lower and upper, push and pull, and full-body training.

Lunges

Generally, we should avoid analytic exercise work. Our body works «everything» on the field, so it doesn’t make sense to create isolated fatigue separately strengthen a range of movements

To better understand this idea, think about a sportsperson doing a bicep curl on a Scott bench – is that transferrable to your sport? Not at all.

Unilateral Movements and Plyometrics

As sportspeople, we move using unilateral movements, which is why leg exercises like lunges or box climbs should be part of our routine.

Plyometry

We can benefit from plyometric work using agility ladders and different types of jumps. And the goal is clear: we’re looking to improve our reactive strength.

Core

The core is the foundation for an athlete, as we’ve commented previously, for maintaining a correct posture against the difficulties encountered in any sport, which is why we should include anti-rotational and stability exercises like abdominal wheel or the pallof press.

Strength and Power

We should prioritise low repetitions in strength and power work, between 1-6.

Power clean

To maintain good movement and posture, we also need a sufficient range of movement for an athlete, so we should look for limitations in shortened joints and muscles, and if found, include a specific mobility program.

Metabolic Conditioning

In addition to prioritising strength and power work, we can improve our athlete’s mental strength and resistance to fatigue with metabolic work in the gym, following strategies similar to HIIT or Crossfit wods.

Sled dragging

A sportsperson’s routine should work the full body with joint movements, prioritising strength, core and unilateral work.In addition, you can add plymetrics, mobility and metabolic work based on the needs and stage of the athlete.

After this lesson, I’m sure you’re much clearer on using strength work to improve performance in sport, as well as on how to apply it in the general development of an athlete. In the following article, we’ll focus on even more practical aspects, from the best exercises to specific work for each sport.

Angel Real

I hope you’ve enjoyed learning and that the knowledge I hope you’ve found this learning experience enjoyable and that you benefit greatly from it! If you want more information, you can find me on Instagram and YouTube, see you soon with the third part!

Related Entries

Review of Sportspeople at the Gym. Part 2

Training routine design - 100%

Multijoint exercises - 100%

Strength and Power - 100%

Metabolic Conditioning - 100%

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HSN Evaluation: 5 /5
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About Angel7real
Angel7real
Ángel is a NSCA-CPT personal trainer, passionate about sport and evertyhing that surrounds it. He constantly learning and setting himself new objectives to improve and help others improve.
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